A high-quality geography education should inspire in pupils a curiosity and fascination about the world and its people that will remain with them for the rest of their lives. Teaching equips pupils with knowledge about diverse places, people, resources and natural and human environments, together with a deep understanding of the Earth’s key physical and human processes. As pupils progress, their growing knowledge about the world should help them to deepen their understanding of the interaction between physical and human processes, and of the formation and use of landscapes and environments. Geographical knowledge, understanding and skills provide the frameworks and approaches that explain how the Earth’s features at different scales are shaped, interconnected and change over time.

Subject Lead: Mr Hebert


Key stage 1

Pupils develop knowledge about the world, the United Kingdom and their locality. They should understand basic subject-specific vocabulary relating to human and physical geography and begin to use geographical skills, including first-hand observation, to enhance their locational awareness.

In Year 1, pupils will be taught to identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles. The children will understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom, and of a small area in a contrasting non-European country.

In Year 2, pupils study the lives of significant individuals in the past who have contributed to national and international achievements such as Christopher Columbus and Neil Armstrong and the regions that they travelled to. The pupils will also name and locate the world’s seven continents, five oceans and name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas.

Key Stage 2

Pupils should extend their knowledge and understanding beyond the local area to include the United Kingdom and Europe, North and South America. This will include the location and characteristics of a range of the world’s most significant human and physical features. They should develop their use of geographical knowledge, understanding and skills to enhance their locational and place knowledge.

In Year 3, pupils study physical geographic features including volcanoes, earthquakes, the layers or the earth, cliffs and coastlines including erosion. 

In Year 4, the children study rivers and rainforests. This includes learning about the various climate zones around the world, deforestation and the plants and animals for which the rainforest or river are habitats.

In Year 5, the pupils study biomes and vegetation belts such as the coral reef and Alaska. They also continue to study coastlines and the sea. The children use maps, atlases, globes and digital mapping to locate countries and describe features studied

In Year 6, the children carry out a local area study, focussing on the area of Temple Balsall itself. The children use fieldwork to observe, measure, record and present the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies.

Pupil Resources

BBC Bitesize KS1

Bitesize’s KS1 geography site has excellent resources related to subjects including continents and the environment.

BBC Bitesize KS2

BBC Bitesize has a brilliant KS2 geography site. Here you can learn about topics such as the rivers, rainforests and mountains.